Stress-induced asthma

Patients with stress-induced asthma suffer from a paroxysmal narrowing of the airways during physical exertion, accompanied by symptoms such as shortness of breath and dry coughing. What can affected persons do?

During heavy physical exertion, everyone runs out of breath. Patients with stress-induced asthma, however, suffer from a pathological disorder of the airways that can trigger symptoms such as severe shortness of breath and coughing, even with mild exertion.

Belastungsasthma

What is stress-induced asthma?

Basically, stress-induced asthma (also called exercise-induced asthma) is an outward form of bronchial asthma. This chronic pulmonary disease is characterised by hypersensitive bronchi that react sensitively to external irritants such as allergens, harmful substances, or even exertion.

Stress-induced asthma often occurs in combination with allergic asthma. Children in particular are affected – as a matter of fact, asthma symptoms such as coughing and shortness of breath often appear in children only with physical exertion.

Cold and dry air is often involved in the emergence of stress-induced asthma. Combined with regular sporting activities, this may result in the drying out of the bronchial mucous membranes. Here, the cleansing system of the airways is impaired such that further irritants can trigger increasingly hypersensitive reactions. For this reason, competitive athletes such as runners, skiers, and cyclists, who practice their sports for extended periods in cold environments, are often affected by stress-induced asthma.

Symptoms of stress-induced asthma

An asthmatic attack is accompanied by severe shortness of breath and a dry cough, and usually has a delayed onset, i.e. the symptoms only appear about 5 minutes after the start of the exertion. Peak symptoms occur 5-10 minutes after the end of exertion. Then they subside mostly within a half hour.

In order to identify stress-induced asthma or narrowed airways, the expiratory peak flow is measured using a peak flow meter before physical exertion, and approximately ten minutes after physical exertion. If the peak flow value in the second measurement is lower than the first value, this indicates stress-induced asthma which requires a doctor’s consultation.

Peak-Flow-Meter
Personal Best®

Adults and children can measure their peak flow values, i.e. their expiratory peak flow, quickly and reliably with the Personal Best® Peak Flow Meter.
Peak-Flow-Meter Personal Best®

What can be done for stress-induced asthma?

Patients with stress-induced asthma should not attempt to avoid physical exertion. Studies have shown that abstaining, in particular, from sporting activities can actually worsen the symptoms.

Instead, it is more useful to warm up thoroughly and to increase the level of exertion very carefully. In this manner, the airways are slowly prepared for the exertion and any intense reactions are held at bay.

With stress-induced asthma, it is also important to consider the type of sport that is practised. Sports that are practised in a cold environment are less ideal due to the cooling risk. Jogging – especially in colder seasons – results most frequently in asthmatic attacks. Indoor sports such as swimming or ball sports should be given preference – at least in winter.

Medication-based treatment can also be very helpful for stress-induced asthma: Asthmatic attacks can be prevented with the use of asthma inhalers (metered-dose inhalers) that produce a dilation of the narrowed airways. You should always carry such medication as well as an inhalation device in case of an asthma emergency.

Asthma emergency plan

What can be done for shortness of breath?

In case of an emergency asthmatic attack, it is best to have a safe and practised process in place!

Here, the new and patented guardian angel concept of the RC-Chamber® including the spacer in a safety pouch, a emergency plan, and guardian angel hanger, can be of help.

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